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Inclusion. The blog for the Center for Disability Studies.

Disability at the debates

By Victor Schaffner

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Question: How many times in the 15 debates for president have moderators specifically asked candidates about issues concerning disability?

a. 1
b. 5
c. 7
d. 11

If you answered b or c, thinking five or seven times sounds about right and should seem reasonable to the one-in-five people watching the debates who have a disability (and the more than 50 million Americans who live with a disability), you’re mistaken. The answer is “a” – one time.* In September, contestants were asked about Donald Trump’s false contention linking vaccines and autism.

Could moderators be thinking disability isn’t newsy? It is to the people with disabilities who will struggle to vote in the primaries and general election because only 30 percent of polling places are fully accessible. It is to the people with disabilities who don’t get the dental care they need because Medicaid won’t cover it. It is to people with disabilities who want to know what the next president will do to transform the job market so they won’t have to endure unemployment at two or three times the rate of the general population. It is to people with disabilities who fall victim to violent crime at a greater rate than the general population, who depend on a strong Social Security Disability Insurance Program, and who frequently must fight to receive the guarantees accorded them in the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act.

Could moderators and debate sponsors think questions about disability wouldn’t hold the interest of a general audience? They appropriately ask questions about important issues that directly affect other minority groups, including African Americans and Hispanics. Why not address issues of equal importance to the nation’s largest minority group – people with disabilities?

In town halls and at other events, candidates have touched on disability – when they’re prodded by audience members, on their own, and on the rare occasion when a moderator raises the subject. Hillary Clinton applauded former Iowa Sen. Tom Harkin at a town hall for passing the Americans with Disabilities Act. Ohio Gov. John Kasich asked his audience at a town hall to imagine a new national “brain” initiative that could speed advances in the research and treatment of conditions from Alzheimer’s to autism. Vermont Sen. Bernie Sanders spoke of the need to fight for disability rights in his victory speech following the New Hampshire primary.

Some candidates don’t wait on forums to address disability. Former Florida Gov. (and former presidential candidate) Jeb Bush captioned a video on his website that launched his candidacy. Clinton in January unveiled a plan designed to push states to require health coverage for autism services in private insurance plans. Sanders at his website calls for the U.S. to ratify the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities.

Nevertheless, if debate moderators don’t take the opportunity to at least occasionally ask candidates about disability, they squander the chance to get the person who will be our next president to discuss it on the campaign’s biggest stage.

Of course, voters can visit a candidate’s website to learn about his or her positions concerning disability. But voters won’t always find the information there. Florida Sen. Marco Rubio’s website only mentions disability once. It says he “will support innovation in K-12 education by promoting better learning opportunities for students with disabilities.” Dr. Ben Caron’s website only says that “we must give special needs students the option to choose where they attend school,” and that “we must also allow funding” under IDEA “to be used towards tutors and other training programs.” Neither Texas Sen. Ted Cruz nor Donald Trump mention disability at their websites.

They and the rest of the candidates would be compelled to do so, during debates, if only they were asked.

*The writer has watched all of the debates, save a moment here or there when he conceivably could have missed a question or two asked of the candidates.

About the Author

A longtime journalist, advocate and policy analyst, Victor Schaffner joined UD’s Center for Disabilities Studies as its director of communications and advocacy in 2013. Victor launched the Inclusion blog to engage the disability community, public and policy makers in a provocative discussion of issues with the potential to bring about positive changes in the lives of people with disabilities.

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Comments

  • It appears to me that the media conducting debates prefer to dwell on questions that will create controversy. I think a better place to have a serious discussion about issues affecting persons with disabilities would be at a town hall. I know there is been several town halls on the networks. I am wondering if these type of questions have come up

    • David, I agree that the formats of town hall events would afford candidates more of an opportunity to have a serious discussion about issues of importance to the disability community than do the formats of the debates. But debates draw a far larger audience than the town halls. Disability has come up in the town halls. There’s no good reason that moderators are ignoring it in the debates.

  • Jane, you raise a good point that perhaps moderators may think people with disabilities make up several voting blocks — for example people with a certain physical disability and people with a certain intellectual disability. But moderators and journalists ask candidates about issues that affect a fraction of the population all the time. It’s way past time that they started asking candidates about myriad issues affecting people with disabilities.

  • Very nice post
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    • anjana, thanks for taking the time to read it. VS

  • I wonder when this will change? Part of the problem may be that, when moderators are considering what questions to ask, they consider that Americans with disabilities break down into too many different groups–they don’t form a single voting block

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